Korean verb tenses chart (with PDF cheatsheet)

Korean verb tenses cheatsheet

Here is a summary list of commonly used Korean verb tenses complete with examples for beginners.

Want this in a printable PDF cheatsheet and practice with worksheets? Check out our PDF Marketplace! Korean verb conjugation set PDF Marketplace

Present Tense

Last vowel is 아 -아요 가다➜가요; 받다➜받아요
Last vowel is 오 -아요 오다➜와요; 놀다➜놀아요
Other vowels -어요 입다➜입어요; 배우다➜배워요; 마시다➜마셔요
N-하다 +여요 = 해요 운동하다➜운동해요
N-이다 (N ends in vowel) +에요 = 예요 사과이다➜사과예요
N-이다 (N ends in consonant) +에요 = 이에요 책이다➜책이에요

Past Tense

Last vowel is 아 -았어요 사다➜샀어요; 팔다➜팔았어요
Last vowel is 오 -았어요 보다➜봤어요; 높다➜높았어요
Other vowels -었어요 읽다➜읽었어요; 기다리다➜기다렸어요
N-하다 +였어요 = 했어요 공부하다➜공부했어요
N-이다 (N ends in vowel) +었어요 = 였어요 건호사이다➜건호사였어요
N-이다 (N ends in consonant) +었어요 = 이었어요 학생이다➜학생이었어요

Future Tense

Statement of fact Ends with vowel -ㄹ 거예요 주다➜줄 거예요
Ends with consonant -을 거예요 씻다➜씻을 거예요
First person Ends with vowel -ㄹ게요 보내다➜보낼게요
Ends with consonant -을게요 먹다➜먹을게요
Determination / guess -겠어요 알다➜알겠어요

Present Continuous

All cases -고 있어요 찾다➜찾고 있어요

Past Perfect

Last vowel is 아 /오 -았었어요 많다➜많았었어요
Other vowels -었었어요 적다➜적었었어요
N-하다 +였었어요 = 했었어요 일하다➜일했었어요

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